False Christs and False Prophets –  Who Watch What How Why Where is the Devil ?
God’s Messengers
What are Angels ?
What is the Devil ?
What are Miracles ?
Why Believe in Miracles ?
We must always be on guard against false prophets and evil masquerading as good. In the Gospel of Matthew 24:24  Jesus warns “ For there shall arise false Christs and false prophets and shall show great signs and and wonders”.

Somewhat ironically most Satanic traditional knowledge originates from Christians. Best  known are the medieval folklore and theology surrounding demons and witches.  Americans today are more likely to believe in god than the devil. However the Satanic ritual abuse scare of the 1980s in the US  beginning with the memoir Michelle Remembers proves substantial belief in Satan lingers. Michelle Remembers depicts Satanism as a vast  and unsubstantiated conspiracy of elites with a predilection for human sacrifice and child abuse. This sensationalistic literary genre often describes Satan as actually appearing in person in order to receive worship.

Antagonists often put the concept of the devil to use in social and political conflicts, claiming to be affected by their opponents from the devil, or even willingly supporting the Devil. Satan was also used to explain why others hold beliefs that are false and ungodly.
New Age movement – As one might expect participants in the loosely formed New Age movement have widely varied views about Satan, the Devil and so forth. In some forms of Esoteric Christianity Satan remains as a being of evil, or at least a metaphor for sin and materialism, but the most widespread tendency is to deny his existence altogether. Lucifer, on the other hand, in the original Roman sense of light – bringer, occasionally appears in the literature of certain groups as a metaphorical figure quite distinct from Satan and without any implications of evil. For example, Theosophy founder Madame Blavatsky named her journal Lucifer since she intended it to be a bringer of light. Many New Age schools of thought follow a non dualistic philosophy that does not recognize a primal force for evil.

In the  small Bahai Faith, a malevolent, superhuman entity such as a devil or Satan is not believed to exist. These terms do, however, appear in the Bahai writings, where they are used as metaphors for the base nature of man. Human beings are seen to have free will and are thus able to turn towards God and develop spiritual qualities or turn away from God and become immersed in their self-centered desires. Individuals who follow the temptations of the self and do not develop spiritual virtues are often described in the Bahai writings with the word satanic. The Bahai writings also state that the devil is a metaphor for the insistent self  or lower self  which is a self-serving inclination within each individual. Those who follow their lower nature are also described as followers of the Evil One.

Paganism – Christian tradition has frequently identified pagan religions and witchcraft with the influence of Satan. In the Early Modern Period, the Church accused alleged witches of consorting and conspiring with Satan. Several modern conservative Christian writers, such as Jack Chick and James Dobson, have depicted today’s neopagan and witchcraft religions as explicitly Satanic.

Few neopagan re-constructionist traditions recognize Satan or the Devil outright. However, many neopagan groups worship some sort of Horned God, for example as a consort of the Great Goddess in Wicca. These gods usually reflect mythological figures such as Cernunnos or Pan and any similarity they may have to the Christian Devil seems to date back only to the 19th century, when a Christian reaction to Pan  s growing importance in literature and art resulted in his image being translated to that of the Devil.

Yazidism – An alternate name for the main deity in the tentatively Indo – European pantheon of the Yazidi, Malek Taus, is Chaitanya Rather than Satanic, however, Yazidism is better understood as a remnant of a pre – Islamic Middle Eastern religion or a ghulat Sufi movement founded by Shaikh Adi. The connection with Satan, originally made by Muslim outsiders, attracted the interest of 19th – century European travelers and esoteric writers.

The Baphomet, adopted symbol of some Left – Hand Path systems, including Theistic Satanism. Even when a dualistic model is followed, this is more often akin to the Chinese system of yin and yang, in which good and evil are explicitly not a complementary duality. Schools of thought that do stress a spiritual war between good and evil or light and darkness include the philosophy of Rudolf Steiner, Agni Yoga and the Church Universal and Triumphant.

Satanism, LaVeyan Satanism, Setianism and Theistic Satanism – Some religions actually worship the Devil. This can be in a polytheistic sense where God, Satan and others are all deities with Satan as the preferred patron; or it can be from a more monotheistic viewpoint, where God is regarded as a true god, but is nevertheless defied.

Some variants deny the existence of God and the Devil altogether, but still call themselves Satanists, such as Anton LaVey  s Church Of Satan which sees Satan as a representation of the primal and natural state of mankind.

Zoroastrianism –  Agra Mainyu – In the Gathas, the oldest texts of the Zoroastrian Avesta, believed to have been composed by Zoroaster himself, the poet does not mention a manifest adversary. Ahura Mazda  s Creation is truth, asha. The lie   drujis manifest only as decay or chaos, not an entity. Later, in Zurvanism  Zurvanite Zoroastrianism, Ahura Mazda and the principle of evil, Agra Mainyu, are the twin  offspring of Zurvan,   Time  . No trace of Zurvanism exists after the 10th century.

Today, the Parsis of India largely accept the 19th century interpretation that Agra Mainyu is the   Destructive Emanation   of Ahura Mazda. Instead of struggling against Mazda himself, Agra Mainyu battles Spenta Mainyu, Mazda  s   Creative Emanation. 

Hinduism – In contrast to Christianity, Islam and Zoroastrianism, Hinduism does not recognize any central evil force or entity such as the Devil opposing God. Hinduism does recognize that different beings  for example, auras and entities can perform evil acts, under the temporary dominance of the guna of tamas and cause worldly sufferings. The Rajasic and Tamasic Gunas of Maya are considered especially close to the Abrahamic concept , the hellish parts of the Ultimate Delusion called Prakriti. An embodiment of this is the concept of Advaita  non – dualism where there is no good or evil but simply different levels of realization.

On the other hand in Hinduism, which provides plenty of room for counterpoint, there is also the notion of Advaita  dualism where there is interplay between good and evil tendencies. A prominent asura is Rah u whose characteristics are similar to those of the Devil. However, Hindus and Krishnamurti in particular, believe that an avatar of Vishnu incarnates to defeat evil when evil reaches its greatest strength. The concept of Guna and Karma also explain evil to a degree, rather than the influence of a devil.

To be more specific, Hindu philosophy defines that the only existing thing Truth is the Almighty God. So, all the as-uric tendencies are inferior and mostly exist as illusions in the mind. Asuras are also different people in whom bad motivations and intentions  tamas have temporarily outweighed the good ones  Bodhisattva Different beings like Siddhartha, gandharva, yaks-ha etc. are considered beings unlike mankind and in some ways superior to men.

In Ayyavazhi, officially an offshoot of Hinduism prominent in Tamil Nadu  a southern state in India with Dravidian heritage, followers, unlike most other branches of Hinduism, believes in a Satan-like figure, Krone. Kroni, according to Ayyavazhi is the primordial manifestation of evil and manifests in various forms of evil., Ravana, Duryodhana, etc., in different ages or yugas. In response to such manifestation of evil, believers, in Ay ya – Vazhi religion believe that God, as Vishnu manifests in His avatars such as Rama and Krishna to defeat evil. Eventually, the Elam with the spirit  the spirit taken by Ramayana only for incarnating in the world of Ramayana incarnates in the world as Ay-ya Vaikundar to destroy the final manifestation of Kroni, Aaliyah.

Kroni, the spirit of Kali Yuga is said to be omnipresent in this age and that is one reason followers of Ayya Vazhi, like most Hindus, believe that the current yuga, Kali Yuga is so degraded.

Buddhism –  Mara  demon – A devil – like figure in Buddhism is Mara. He is a tempter, who also tempted Gautama Buddha by trying to seduce him with the vision of beautiful women who, in various legends, are often said to be Mara  s daughters. Mara personifies unskillfulness, the death  of the spiritual life. He tries to distract humans from practicing the spiritual life by making the mundane alluring or the negative seem positive. Another interpretation of Mara is that he is the desires that are present in ones own mind preventing the person from seeing the truth. So in a sense Mara is not an independent being but a part of one  s own being that has to be defeated. In daily life of the Buddha the role of devil has been given to Devadatta.

Ancient Egypt – Set  mythology and  Apep – In the Ausarian drama we find that Ausar  Greek Osiris is chopped into 13 pieces by Set. Auset  Isis collects all of his pieces save his phallus. Horus, son of Ausar and Auset sets out to avenge the death and dismemberment of his father by confronting Set. Horus is victorious over Set and Ausar, being brought back from the dead becomes lord of the underworld. It is this drama that gives us the cosmic conflict between good and evil, evil being embodied by Set. This is not to say that Set was always seen as an evil character in Ancient Egyptian theology. There are many times in Ancient Egyptian history where conflicts between different houses  lead to the depreciation of one god relative to another.

As in most polytheistic faiths, the characters involved differentiate themselves from the Western tradition of a devil in that all the gods are closely related. In this case, numerous historic texts suggest that Set is the Uncle or Brother of Horus and in the defeat  of Set, we see another separation from the norm in the devouring/assimilation of Set into Horus with the result of Horus having depictions of both the falcon head and the  unknown animal head of Set. This  like Buddhism represents a dissolution of dichotomy.

God as the Devil – Several religious authors throughout history have advanced the peculiar notion that the god of the Abrahamic Bible and its sequels is consistent in character with the Devil. They make the case that the Biblical God is a divine force that wreaks suffering, death and destruction and that tempts or commands humanity into committing mayhem and genocide.
These writings refer to the Biblical God variously as a demigods, an evil angel, the devil god, the Prince of Darkness, the source of all evil, a demon, a cruel, wrathful, warlike tyrant, Satan, the devil and the first beast of the book of Revelation.

Many of the authors criticize only Jehovah, the God of the Abrahamic scriptures  Tanakh, in contrast with the true god  of the New Testament. However, other authors apply their condemnation to the entire godhead of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The authors assert their claims by reference to a number of passages in Biblical scripture describing actions of God that they say are evil or Devil-like. Many of the authors have been severely chastised for their writings and their followers justifiably killed.

False Christs and False Prophets – Who Watch What How Why Where is the Devil ? | 2010 | 2017

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